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Language, Culture and Education

About Place Journal

This literary journal is published by the Black Earth Institute dedicated to re-forging the links between art and spirit, earth and society. The July 2014 issue, "Enlightened Visions in the Wake of Trauma," edited by UW-Professor Roberta Hill, showcases writers from or knowledgeable of Indigenous peoples' experiences offering their insights, from recognizing the history of and continuance of oppression, challenging the idea of a soulless earth, to sharing the difficulties of sheer survival.

Roberta Hill, Professor, English and American Indian Studies

Ancient Aztalan: A Diverse Community

This is a project designed to locate and excavate ancient domestic structures at Aztalan and integrate those findings with unpublished architectural data generated in the 1960s and earlier. Understanding the details of Aztalan houses will be helpful in understanding Aztalan daily life. The project utilizes ground penetrating radar and magnetometry to detect archaeological features under the ground surface.

Sissel Schroeder, Professor, Anthropology

Bad River UW-Extension Educational Programs

UW-Extension provides a wide range of educational programs through a staff member working with youth housed on the Bad River reservation and additional resources from the Ashland County office.

Joy Schelble, Bad River FRTEP Youth Development Coordinator

ELPA 882: Minority Serving Institutions of Higher Education

Minority and low-income students often struggle to fit into mainstream colleges and universities. Along with spotlighting the challenges facing many traditionally underserved students, this course explores policies,programs, and practices that Minority-Serving Institutions (MSIs) - HBCUs,HSIs, TCUs, and AAPIs - are using to cultivate the access, persistence, and graduation of these students. The course provides an eye-opening experience - including a visit to a tribal college - for participants to reflect not only on the contributions of MSIs but also what can be done to educate our increasingly diverse nation and world.

Cliff Conrad, Professor, Educational Leadership and Policy Analysis

Evenings of American Indian Storytelling

Each winter, the American Indian Studies program joins Wunk Sheek in hosting the Annual Evenings of American Indian Storytelling. Storytellers from around the U.S. and Canada come to share their stories in their native language also translating them for their audience of students, faculty, staff and community members. This event gives Native students and community members the opportunity to see native cultural performances with dignity and a sense of celebration.

Forest County Potawatomi UW-Extension Educational Programs

Educational programs for the Forest County Potawatomi are provided by Community, Family and Youth Development educators from Forest County UW-Extension.

Jenette Gunville, UW-Extension Family Living Educator, Florence, Forest and Vilas Counties
Steve Nelson, Community Development Educator, Forest County UW-Extension

Great Lakes Indigenous Law Center

The Great Lakes Indigenous Law Center provides legal research and advisory assistance to Native American tribal governments and individuals throughout the country. These activities include consulting on tribal constitutions, as well as developing draft legislation on a variety of topics including water rights, property interests, and economic development. The Center has focused much of its service on assisting tribes and tribal members in Wisconsin and nearby states. The Center has also co-managed several projects, including a major project for the Wisconsin Department of Transportation that increased the number of tribally-owned businesses providing highway construction services. The Center's Director, Professor Richard Monette, is a member of the Turtle Mountain Band of Chippewa Indians and has served two terms as president of his tribe. He is a nationally recognized expert on Native American law and legal institutions.

Richard Monette, Professor, Law

Great Lakes Research Alliance for the Study of Aboriginal Arts and Cultures

This is an international collaborative research partnership of Aboriginal community researchers, museum and archival scholars and university researchers. Members contribute insights and knowledge from their own areas of understanding and in turn benefit from the insights and knowledge of others. GRASAC consists of two key components: the network of people who meet, work together on research projects, and exchange ideas; and the web-based software tools being developed to enable remote collaboration and sharing.

Rand Valentine, Professor, Linguistics

Ho-Chunk Educators Certification Program

Ho-Chunk educators have been teaching their language, Hoocąk, to K-12 students as well as various community groups throughout Wisconsin through their Language Apprentice Program (LAP). The purpose of LAP is to provide and follow a quality program to create new teachers of the language so the language can be preserved. In 2014, the UW-Marshfield/Wood County campus began developing a relationship with the Ho-Chunk Nation to provide courses on their campus that would help create an Educator's Certification Program for LAP. This program was established to assist Ho-Chunk educators in learning the fine art and science of teaching and learning so as to be more effective in the classroom. The five semester certification process comprises 13 courses for a total of 30 college credits. The courses are offered at Black River Falls.

UW-Marshfield/Wood County Contacts:
Jeffrey Amundson, Senior Lecturer, Psychology-Education
Keith Montgomery, Dean and Northern Region Executive Officer

Ho-Chunk Contacts:
Marcus Lewis

Ho Chunk UW-Extension Educational Programs

Educational programs for the Ho Chunk are provided by Agriculture, Horticulture, Youth Development and other educators from Jackson, Monroe, Sauk and other Counties.

Monica Lobenstein, Jackson County UW-Extension 4-H Youth Development Agent
Trisha Wagner, Jackson County UW-Extension, Agriculture Agent

Indians of the Midwest: Cultural change research

This research looks at legal and political development among the tribes of the western Great Lakes.

Larry Nesper, Associate Professor of Anthropology and American Indian Studies

Indigeneity in SE Asia Workshop

The workshop critically assessed how the idea of "Indigenous peoples" is conceptualized and applied by different groups of people, organizations and governments in Southeast Asia. Participants included a number of Southeast Asian scholars from various countries and ethnic groups in the region conducting research on the topic, as well as others from the United States including the College of Menominee Nation.

Ian Baird, Professor, Geography

Earth Partnership, Indigenous Arts and Sciences

Earth Partnership (EP) habitat restoration and stewardship as a context for intergenerational science learning across age, discipline, culture and place. EP Indigenous Arts and Sciences (IAS) integrates Western science with Native knowledge, process, and core values including relationship, reciprocity, respect and responsibility. The project convenes the expertise of elders and community members from Red Cliff, Bad River, Lac du Flambeau, Lac Courtes Oreilles, and Ho-Chunk Nations with university social, physical, and life scientists to expand informal science learning incorporating ecological protection and restoration, citizen science, and cultural diversity.

Cheryl Bauer-Armstrong, Director, Earth Partnership
Rachel Byington, PhD student
Jessie Conaway, IAS Outreach Specialist<
Maria Moreno, Multicultural Outreach Specialist
Claire Shaller Bjork, Earth Partnership Outreach Specialist

Indigenous Languages Preservation and Promotion

The ILPP is dedicated to supporting local tribes in the preservation and promotion of their native languages by working with them to take advantage of the resources at the University of Wisconsin. Professors Macaulay and Valentine collaborate with Wisconsin (and other) Native Nations on various projects in language documentation and revitalization, including:

Additionally, Professor Macaulay is President of the Endangered Language Fund, a non-profit organization dedicated to supporting endangered language preservation and documentation projects. ELF's grants have funded work on endangered languages in over 55 countries in its 20 years of operation.

Monica Macaulay, Professor, Linguistics
Rand Valentine, Professor, Linguistics

*Graduate Student Project: Kiigųs: To teach oneself: Developing distance resource materials for at-home Ho-Chunk language learners.
Sarah Lundquist, PhD Student, UW-Madison
Laura Red Eagle, Ho-Chunk Nation

Interdisciplinary research on models of relevant science, health and environmental education for culturally distinctive communities of practice through collaborative place-based curriculums that incorporate indigenous knowledge systems

This research explores the levels of complementation between informal and formal science using educational communication and digital media as a teaching practice to connect teachers, tribal communities and schools. The project works with Bad River Ojibwe high school students, intertribal students from Chicago and Madison areas, as well as with Menominee, Mohican and Oneida students, around digital media sustainability cohorts that are having a positive impact on students identity, self-representation and cultural valuing, as well as promoting positive impacts on academic achievement and relationship with formal science education in schools.

Reynaldo Morales, Ph.D. Student

Intergenerational Health and Wellness Messengers

This is a community-academic partnership with the Wisconsin Pink Shawl Initiative and the Junior Pink Shawls developing and piloting an intergenerational education and breast health promotion program that utilizes American Indian youth and women's intergenerational relationships to increase breast cancer screening rates for American Indian women.

Shannon Sparks, Assistant Professor, School of Human Ecology

Information Technology Academy (ITA)

The Division of Information Technology (DoIT) Academic Technology's pre-college technology initiative serves American Indian high school students with the goal of increasing their enrollment, retention and graduation rates at UW-Madison. Through its triple focus on academic preparation, leadership skills and technological literacy, ITA prepares promising students to be scholars, community leaders and IT professionals. ITA currently has programs in Lac du Flambeau, Oneida and Madison that serve American Indians and other diverse students.

Ron Jetty, Executive Director, Information Technology Academy & Assistant Director, DoIT Academic Technology
Christopher Kilgour, Tribal Programs Manager

Lac Courte Oreilles (LCO) UW-Extension Educational Programs

UW-Extension educational programs are provided through a partnership between LCO and Sawyer County and include a Community Development position that is split between LCO and Sawyer County and also includes additional educational programming from Sawyer County UW-Extension educators.

Ariga Grigoryan, Community, Natural Resource, Economic Development Educator

Lac du Flambeau UW-Extension Educational Programs

Community development programs for the tribe are made possible through a partnership between the Lac Du Flambeau Band of the Lake Superior Chippewa and UW-Extension. With an office in Lac du Flambeau, Community Development Educator Brian Gauthier often partners with tribal leaders, tribal members and additional UW-Extension educators located in Vilas and Oneida Counties. Brian's programming includes tribal organizational and economic development, intergovernmental/tribal cooperation and environmental quality.

Brian Gauthier, Community Resource Development Educator

Law and Entrepreneurship Clinic - Great Lakes Indigenous Law Center Joint Project

The Law and Entrepreneurship Clinic, the Law School's very successful clinical program serving a large number of business startups around the state, has commenced a joint project with the Great Lakes Indigenous Law Center to provide legal services to tribes and tribal members who are starting businesses, especially when those businesses will be located on tribal lands. The Clinic will provide legal assistance to business startups themselves to help them establish their legal framework within tribal law that will permit them to operate effectively. The Center will provide advice and assistance to tribal legislatures and governments as they undertake to create the legal framework to facilitate the creation and successful operation of businesses relying on tribal law. Both components require the balancing of the tribal legal system and its cultural values with the relevant federal and state laws, especially those governing business activities, in ways that are consistent with the practical needs of business operation in a modern economy. This project is one of the 2016 Ira and Ineva Reilly Ira and Ineva Reilly Baldwin Wisconsin Idea Endowment funded projects.

Anne Smith, Professor, Law

Menominee Nation/County UW-Extension Educational Programs

UW-Extension provides a wide range of educational programs through six staff members who are based at the College of Menominee Nation and funded via a partnership between UW-Extension and Menominee Nation/County.

Dawn Doperalski, Menominee County/Nation Family Living Educator
Laura Robinson, WI Nutrition Education Program Coordinator
Jennifer Gauthier, Natural Resources and Economic Development Educator
Sofie Teller, 4-H Youth Development Educator

Milwaukee UW-Extension

Educational programming for Milwaukee's Native American communities is provided by a Native American Outreach Coordinator, educators and staff from Milwaukee County UW-Extension.

Kathryn Laroque, Native American Outreach Coordinator, Milwaukee County UW-Extension

Narrative Witness

This group brought 32 indigenous writers and photographers living in Australia and the United States together in an online exchange to create fiction, nonfiction, poetry, and photography. Led by writing and photography workshop facilitators, the group work-shopped their photo essays and texts online over the course of two months. UW-Madison professor Roberta Hill participated writing a fiction story titled, Reading the Streets.

Roberta Hill, Professor, English and American Indian Studies

Native American Cultures and History – Accurate Material for Public School Teachers

the 1990s, the Wisconsin Historical Society and Wisconsin public schools received a mandate that all students were to learn about Wisconsin Indian history, culture and sovereignty at least three times in their K-12 experience. In 2003, Patty Loew, who wrote the book "Indian Nations of Wisconsin" for the State Historical Society, published "Native People of Wisconsin," a version of the book appropriate for fourth graders. The Wisconsin Historical Society Press also published a companion Teachers Guide for "Native People of Wisconsin." Both works are being updated and will be available in 2015.

Patty Loew, Professor, Life Sciences Communication and American Indian Studies

Native Language Instructors' Program

This program is a yearly summer course at Lakehead University in Thunder Bay, Ontario, designed to provide people with a recognized means of teaching their native language in their communities. Courses are also available for students who desire to become fluent in a particular language. The only program in Ontario with a mandate from the Ontario College of Teachers to provide teacher certification in Algonquian languages, Lakehead's NLIP is dedicated to increasing the number of Native language teachers. Students not only have the unique opportunity to gain the credentials to teach their language but also the means to emerge as leaders devoted to the survival of Native language and culture.

Rand Valentine, Professor, Linguistics

Niiji Communications Project (2006)

This project was a partnership on Indigenous Video and Multimedia for Self Determination led by professor Patty Loew.

Patty Loew, Professor, Life Sciences Communication and American Indian Studies

Oneida Nation UW-Extension educational programming

Educational programming in the Oneida Nation is supported by UW-Extension educators from Brown and Outagamie counties.

Practice in Applied Anthropology – Oneida Internship

UW-Fox Valley/UW Colleges Online in collaboration with the Oneida Nation History Department developed an internship that allows students practical, hands-on work with historical documents and artifacts from the Brothertown Collection. Students work under the supervision of Oneida Cultural Heritage/History Department members. This is a two credit college course.

Renee Gralewicz, UW-Fox Valley
Reginald Doxtater, Oneida Cultural Heritage/History Department

Picturing Indians: Photographic Encounters and Tourist Fantasies in H. H. Bennett's Wisconsin Dells

This is a book about the late 19th century photographer Henry Hamilton Bennett and his profit-driven but complex relationship with the Ho-Chunk people in the area. Author Steve Hoelscher, a doctoral candidate in geography at UW-Madison, contrasts Bennett with present-day Ho-Chunk photographer Tom Jones, a UW-Madison professor of art and photography. The book is published by the University of Wisconsin Press in collaboration with the Ho-Chunk Nation, Native American Tourism, Wisconsin Dells businesses, and the Wisconsin Historical Society H. H. Bennett Studio to tell the story of Native American involvement in the growth of tourism as a Wisconsin industry.

Sheila Leary, Communications Director

Red Cliff Tribal Library Project: Ginanda Gikendaasomin (We Seek to Learn)

With funding from a Kaufmann Grant, The Red Cliff community and UW-Madison students completed a priorities assessment, leading to a planned reopening of the library. The assessment also led to a class on tribal cultural institutions and engaging with other tribal communities. Red Cliff has hopes of being able to keep the Lac Courte Oreilles Community College operating in the reservation, and the Tribe has been able to submit proposals for stimulus funds.

Louise Robbins, Professor and Director

Red Cliff UW-Extension Educational Programs

Educational programs for the Red Cliff are provided by educators from Bayfield County UW-Extension including nutrition focused Head Start kids and parents and food distribution site.

Donna Ganson, 4-H Youth Faculty Assistant and Food Wise Educator

Sokaogon Chippewa UW-Extension Educational Programs

Educational programs for the Sokaogon Chippewa are provided by Community, Family and Youth Development educators from Forest County UW-Extension.

Jenette Gunville, UW-Extension Family Living Educator, Florence, Forest and Vilas Counties
Steve Nelson, Community Development Educator, Forest County UW-Extension

St. Croix UW-Extension Educational Programs

Educational programs for the St. Croix are provided by educators from Burnett County UW-Extension.

Beth Rank, 4-H Youth and Families Educator, Burnett County UW-Extension

Statewide UW-Extension Educational Programs

UW-Extension engages in educational partnerships with Wisconsin's tribes and communities with large Native American populations and on issues and topics that transcend tribal and geographic boundaries. Examples include:

>Partnerships with the Great Lakes Indian Fish and Wildlife Commission (representing 11 Ojibwe Tribes within the Ceded Territory), Northern Great Lakes Center, the US Forest Service, National Park Service, and the Environmental Resource Center Programs through programs such as:

Organizational Development and Tribal Nations Specialist: Programming is focused on employing organizational development and action research strategies on statewide Native American issues in community and economic development, leadership development and intergovernmental cooperation.

Annie Jones, UW-Extension Organization Development and Tribal Nations Specialist

Stockbridge Munsee UW-Extension Educational Programs

Educational programs for the Stockbridge Munsee are provided by UW-Extension educators from Menominee County/Nation and Shawano Counties.

Dawn Doperalski, Menominee County/Nation Family Living Educator
Jennifer Gauthier, Menominee County/Nation Community, Natural Resources and Economic Development Educator
Jamie Patton, Shawano County Agriculture Educator
Laura Robinson, WI Nutrition Education Program Coordinator Menominee County/Nation and Shawano County

The Ojibwe Winter Lodge Project

This is an intergenerational, traditional arts project at YMCA Camp Nawakwa on the Lac du Flambeau Indian Reservation. The project has been supported by the Wisconsin Humanities Council, the Lac du Flambeau Ojibwe Language Program, the ENVISION Program, the Lac du Flambeau Public School, UW-Madison's Collaborative Center for Health Equity (CCHE), the Native American Center for Health Professions, the Department of Comparative Literature and Folklore Studies (CLFS), and the Center for the Study of Upper Midwestern Cultures.

Thomas DuBois, Professor, Scandinavian Studies

Toypurina and the Hidden Histories of California

This is a paper that will focus on Toypurina and her cultural legacies and consider the interplay of historical and ethnographic methods, fieldwork in the archives, and the intergenerational circulation of cultural knowledge among indigenous descendants, scholarly researchers, and other Southern Californians.

Maria Lepowsky, Professor and Chair, Anthropology

Traditional Agricultural Practices of the Oneida Nation

This is a documentary produced by Reynaldo Morales for the POSOH Project Grade 8 Science Unit - University of Wisconsin Madison, Wisconsin Fast Plants Program - in partnership with Oneida Nation & Tsyunhehkwa Organic Farm.

Reynaldo Morales, Ph.D. Student

The Tribal history video project

This is a series of documentaries delving into the history of Wisconsin's Native Nations. Filmed and hosted by Wisconsin Public Television, the series includes documentaries on the Bad River Ojibwe, Ho-Chunk, Menominee, Oneida, and Potawatomi nations.

Mik Derks, Producer, Wisconsin Public Television

The Ways

This is an ongoing series of stories from Native communities around the central Great Lakes. This online educations resource for 6-12 grade students features videos, interactive maps, and digital media exploring contemporary Native culture and language. The Ways is a production of Wisconsin Media Lab.

Finn Ryan, Producer, Wisconsin Media Lab

The Tribal Libraries, Archives and Museums Project

This project collaborates with Wisconsin's native communities to provide continuing education and development efforts for cultural institutions. It is an experimental project to bring indigenous information topics to LIS education through service learning, networking, and resource sharing with tribal cultural institutions. The TLAM Project currently encompasses a graduate topics course; Convening Culture Keepers professional development opportunities for tribal librarians, archivists, and museum curators; numerous community engagement projects with our partners; and a TLAM Student Group.

Omar Poler, School of Library and Information Studies
Louise Robbins, School of Library and Information Studies

Tribal Youth Science Media Camp

This camp provides instruction to Native American middle and high school children in new media, including digital video, podcasting and Web design. Working in teams, students create scientifically themed media projects that are shown on YouTube and the camp website. This project takes place on various Indian reservations during the summers. The Tribal Youth Science Media Camp empowers Native American students to use new media tools to explore science in a new and engaging way.

Patty Loew, Professor, Life Sciences Communication and American Indian Studies

Transfer Agreement with the College of Menominee Nation

This agreement, in 2002 facilitated the transfer of College of Menominee Nation students who complete the tribal college's associate degree in sustainable development and want to study their baccalaureate degree at UW-Madison. It provides a seamless track for students to complete their education and ultimately become eligible to complete a Ph.D. The institutions hope to deepen UW-Madison's understanding of the rich historical and cultural heritage of American Indian nations, designing their inter-institutional linkage to incorporate cultural diversity into the central mission of the university.

UW-Extension Native American Task Force

Native American Task Force (NATF): The role of the NATF is to build relationships and partnerships between UW-Extension, Native American communities and organizations. The work of the NATF is to help UW-Extension staff work more effectively with Native American communities, to build bridges between tribal and non-tribal communities, to facilitate communications related to working with Native American audiences, and to build working relationships between UW-Extension and the 1994 Land Grant Institutions.

Brian Gauthier, NATF and Lac Du Flambeau Community Resource Development Educator

UW-Madison Cultural Landscape: First Nations

This is a documentary depicting the story of the American Indian Nations who inhabited Dejope at the shores of Lake Mendota where UW-Madison was built in 1848. The film depicts that story of the Ho-Chunk Nation resisting removal, assimilation and marginalization; the past and present challenges for American Indian Studies and Native American students for academic success within a white historically predominant university; the needs for increasing access to more Native American students to higher education, and the respect of their cultural distinctiveness in a new time of shared future for both Indian and non Indian communities.

Reynaldo Morales, Ph.D. Student
Aaron Bird Bear, School of Education, American Indian Curriculum Services

Wisconsin Act 31

Wisconsin Education Act 31 refers to the statutory requirement that all school districts provide instruction in the history, culture, and tribal sovereignty of the twelve American Indian nations and tribes in the state. is meant to support educators and librarians in identifying and collecting instructional materials to support Act 31. The Act 31 coalition is made up of the Wisconsin Department of Public Instruction, Wisconsin Public Television, Wisconsin Historical Society Press, Wisconsin Media Lab, UW System, UW-Green Bay and the Wisconsin Indian Education Association.

Aaron Bird Bear, School of Education, American Indian Curriculum Services
Omar Poler, M.A. Library & Information Studies, Associate Outreach Specialist

Wisconsin Hope Lab: Oneida Scholarship Study

The Oneida Nation offers a great deal of scholarship support to its tribal members, yet has little information on the return on that investment. This project explores the postsecondary student success among scholarship recipients of the Oneida Nation of Wisconsin. The study is investigating how Oneida scholarship recipients fare at different colleges and universities and is identifying promising practices institutions employ to promote Oneida student completion. (began in 2013)

Sara Goldrick-Rab, Professor, Educational Policy Studies, Department of Sociology

Wisconsin Pre-Law Diversity Day

This day-long program alternates between Marquette University Law School and the University of Wisconsin Law School, and it will again be in Madison in 2017. The program allows students to explore law school, learn from current law students, and understand the importance of diversity in the legal profession. The Admissions Office will continue to encourage Native students from throughout the state to attend this program.

Mike Hall, UW-Madison Law School Director of Student Life

Wisconsin Reads The Round House: A Big Read

Wisconsin Reads The Round House is a collaborative project between Lac Courte Oreilles Ojibwa Community College and the UW-Colleges Bachelor of Applied Arts and Sciences (BAAS) degree completion program which represents diverse, and typically underserved communities throughout Wisconsin. Ojibwe writer Louise Erdrich's novel The Round House, as well as her poetry and youth fiction that our Big Read will feature, will help draw Native and non-Native audiences together around the state to explore the rich story-telling heritage that Erdrich's works provide. The collaboration will also allow participants a deeper understanding of the threat of sexual assault that Native American women in particular face through the eyes of Joe, a thirteen-year-old who recounts the rape of his mother many years later as the narrator of The Round House.

This collaboration is not just a book club type event. It incorporates Ojibwe author: William Bearheart conducting readings and writing workshops; Exfabula Story-Telling Workshops, kickoff events led by poets such as Wisconsin Poet Laureate and UW-Milwaukee Professor Kim Blaeser and UW-Madison Professor Roberta Hill; community conversations about The Round House led by BAAS students, graduate students at UW Milwaukee at various locations around the state, including the Milwaukee Public Museum, Woodland Pattern, the Hochunk House of Wellness, UW Colleges' campuses and several public libraries; discussions of indigenous films led by scholars, writers, and instructors from UW-Colleges, including Profound Lessons from Indigenous Law: John Borrow and many others; fund raisers and a "March for Peace and an End to Domestic Violence" events to support women's shelters and advocacy groups; Birchbark House Reading Circles: Literature and Native Crafts for youth at various locations, such as public libraries, Boys and Girls' Clubs, and the Hochunk House of Wellness; a culminating Native American Festival and Feast at LCO-OCC, with all of the Wisconsin writers participating in the project around the state (including Louise Erdrich if she accepts our invitation).

This collaboration is the second in what we hope becomes a long lasting series of "Big Reads." The previous project revolved around James Welch's Winter in the Blood.

Lee Friederich, UW – Barron County
Patricia Hemming, Oshiki Bimaadiziiwin LCO OCC Director/English Faculty
Geralynne Berg, Academic Dean, LCO OCC
Caryl Pfaff, Librarian LCO OCC

Woodland Indian Traditional Artists

This is an online exhibit with images, text and sound files featuring 16 woodland Indian artists from the Upper Midwest. Folklorist James Leary recorded and transcribed the interviews with the artists, while photographer Lewis Koch photographed them and their work. The featured artists represent Ho-Chunk, Menominee, Mesquaki, Ojibwa, Oneida and Potawatomi traditions.

James Leary, Center for the Study of Upper Midwestern Cultures